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Terraform: Create a map of subnet IDs in Azure

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The subnets accessor in the azurerm_virtual_network Terraform data source returns a list of subnet names only. In most cases however, you will need to use a or multiple subnet IDs, for instance when deploying virtual machines. Instead of creating a new datasource (for possibly a small list of subnets) for each virtual machine you want to deploy, creating a locals map, which can be looked up afterwards, is going to be faster on the apply run.

Create a list of the existing virtual network subnets:

data azurerm_subnet "subnets" {
  count = length(data.azurerm_virtual_network.my_vnet.subnets)

  name                 = data.azurerm_virtual_network.my_vnet.subnets[count.index]
  virtual_network_name = var.vnet_name
  resource_group_name  = var.resource_group
}

locals {
  subnets = tomap({
      for snet in data.azurerm_subnet.subnets: snet.name => snet.id
  })
}

In the above example, we first loop over all subnet names, returned by data.azurerm_virtual_network.my_vnet.subnets, to create a list of Azure virtual network subnet objects.

Afterwards we create a locals map called subnets, which contains mapping like “subnet name points to subnet ID”.

Finally, when creating Azure network interfaces with an IP configuration, you can easily lookup the correct subnet ID based on the subnet name (which you might have configured per virtual machine)

resource "azurerm_network_interface" "my_nic" {
...
  ip_configuration {
    ...
    subnet_id = lookup(local.subnets, "my_subnet_name")
  }
...
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